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Launching of the new ETIP SNET website

Dec 2016. The European Technology and Innovation Platform Smart Networks for Energy Transition is proud to announce the launching of its new website.

Visit it at:

ENTSO-E Secretary-General to chair new EU research platform for smart networks

Jul 2016. On 11 July 2016, the European Technology and Innovation Platform for Smart Networks for the Energy Transition (ETIP SNET) gathering actors from electricity, storage and ICT but also heating, transport and gas adopted Konstantin Staschus, ENTSO-E Secretary-General, as Chair.

The mission of the platform is to guide research, development and innovation (RD&I) activities to support Europe's energy transition.

ETIPs have been created in the framework of the new Integrated Roadmap of the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (the SET Plan) – Europe's energy RD&I master plan.

The ETIP SNET will set-out a vision for research and innovation for smart networks, storage and integrated systems and engage stakeholders in this vision. It will also identify innovation barriers, notably related to regulation and financing.

Read more.

ETP Smartgrids evolves towards the ETIP Smart Networks for Energy Transition

June 2016. The ETP Smartgrids becomes the ETIP SNET (European Technology and Innovation Platform Smart Networks for Energy Transition) as of this month.

With the new SET Plan presented by the EC in 2015, the ETPs are now evolving towards ETIPs and will integrate in a single advisory environment the stakeholders which were involved in the EIIs (European Industry Initiatives) and  EERA.

In the case of the ETP Smartgrids evolving towards the ETIP SNET, it  reflects the increasing need to consider the smart electricity networks within the wider energy system, broadening the stakeholders to be involved beyond the traditional ones (Distribution and Transmission networks, technology vendors and ICT, research and academia) to storage, consumers and other connected energy carriers (gas, hydrogen, transport, etc.). The ETIP SNET will therefore become the new integrated advisory environment to reflect this evolution.

After a period of consultation with the stakeholders of the SET Plan a proposal of new governing structure has been developed jointly with the EC and a call for nominations was launched by the EC in the end of May after the new structure was presented at the ETP Smartgrids General Assembly. Stakeholders identified had until 15 June to nominate representatives to the new Governing Board of the ETIP SNET to the EC, including representatives from Member States. On Monday 27 June the nominated stakeholders gathered together for the first meeting of the Governing Board of the ETIP SNET. The Terms of Reference, the next steps for the election of a chair and vice chairs and the determination of working groups were discussed in this first meeting.

We are looking forward to this new era!

Innovative and sustainable grid projects awarded “Good Practice of the Year”

June 2016. Three innovative projects that help advance the grid integration of renewable energy have received the “Good Practice of the Year” award from the Renewables Grid Initiative.

The winners, announced at the Energy Infrastructure Forum in Copenhagen on 23rd June, are: 'Early Involvement of Landowners' by, the 'Virtual Power Plant Next Pool' developed by Next Kraftwerke GmbH and 'Minimise Cable Impact on Marine Ecosystems' by Terna.

Read more.

Grid+Storage public consultation on its draft 10-years roadmap

June 2016. The Grid+Storage consortium is glad to announce the publication of their draft research and innovation (R&I) roadmap 2016-2025, integrating for the first time energy storage issues into electricity network activities.The development of this integrated roadmap has been based on a thorough monitoring of past and ongoing research projects and on the gathering of research and innovation needs identified by European stakeholders during 9 regional workshops.

All stakeholders of the electricity value chain and of other energy networks are invited to provide feedback about the detailed activities foreseen in the roadmap which should drive the energy storage and smart grids R&I strategy at European level for the next decade.

The public consultation is running up to 5 July 2016. Online questionnaires are available on Grid+Storage website

Additional electricity interconnectors between Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Europe bring benefits

June 2016. A new study has assessed the costs and benefits of additional electricity interconnections to end the energy isolation of the Iberian Peninsula. It concludes that further electricity interconnectors between Spain and France will bring significant socio-economic benefits.

For example, the study notes that while the costs of the Biscay Gulf interconnector are estimated at € 1.9 billion, the annual benefits will range between € 250-290 million meaning the project will cover its costs in only nine years. The Biscay Gulf project is currently subject to advanced technical studies carried out by the French and Spanish transmission system operators (RTE and REE) and co-funded by the Connecting Europe Facility.

The study also says that additional savings can be achieved with the electricity interconnectors through the Pyrenees.

The study was carried out to support the work of the High-Level Group on Interconnections for South-West Europe established by France, Spain, Portugal and the European Commission. It assessed the costs and benefits of further interconnectors by developing 12 different scenarios. A fully interconnected European network is key to reach the objective of the Energy Union:  to ensure secure, affordable and sustainable energy.

Read the full study.

Joint declaration on Energy Union proposals to unlock the benefits of demand-side flexibility and energy efficiency

June 2016. 15 organisations representing various actors from the EU energy sector,  have signed a joint declaration in the context of the ongoing  the discussion on the Energy Union.

They put forward seven recommendations to drive an interactive demand side in the energy markets, and unlock the benefits of a sustainable, decentralised and consumer-focused energy system.

Read more.

ETIPWind workshop, 3 June: Where should R&I funding go

June 2016. On 3 June, ETIPWind hosted a first workshop where Europe’s wind energy community started defining the Strategic Research Agenda 2016.

More than 50 participants from over 15 countries identified four key areas:

  • Grid systems, infrastructure and integration
  • Operation and maintenance
  • Industrialisation
  • Offshore balance of plant

Read more.

European Parliament adopts report "Delivering a new deal for energy consumers"

May 2016. On 26 May, the European Parliament adopted the Griffin report on “Delivering a new deal for energy consumers” (see here). This report, exclusively focused on energy household consumers, highlights the importance to empower citizens to become active participants in the energy markets. Read ESMIG’s reaction and Eurelectric reaction.

Press Release. 6th ETP SmartGrids General Assembly

May 2016. Repowering Europe Conference, one of the largest joint European event this year among the smartgrids and solar photovoltaic sectors, was organised on 18 and 19 May in Brussels. It gathered over 200 participants active in Smartgrids and Solar Photovoltaics over two days.

The second day event, the European Technology Platform on SmartGrids (ETP SG) celebrated its 6th General Assembly, which was inaugurated by Marie Donnelly, Director for Renewables, Research and Innovation, Energy Efficiency at the European Commission.

During the conference the debate centred on the barriers to be overcome and in particular, the required reform in the market design, to allow smart grids to develop and integrate further variable renewables, such as photovoltaic energy. European Union objective, amongst others, is to turn into a Low Carbon energy economy and maintain its leadership in renewable energies; this will require a shift in the way the electricity networks are planned and operated.

Read full Press Release.


Europe, World n°1 in Renewables: European SmartGrids and Photovoltaic Platforms to address challenges of Repowering Europe

May 2016.

  • Repowering Europe: joint conference about Smartgrids & Photovoltaics
  • Two-day Conference to address challenges how to adapt grids to have Europe become World n°1 in Renewables.
  • More than 300 stakeholders are expected to attend this event of reference for the Smartgrids and Photovoltaic communities in Europe


The European Technology Platform on SmartGrids (ETP SG) and the European Technology and Innovation Platform Photovoltaics (ETIP PV) are jointly organising the conference: “Repowering Europe” on 18 and 19 May in Brussels. This two-day event will attract more than 300 participants all together.

Read and download the full press release here.


Deployment of Clean & Renewable Energy will be a Technology Trend of 2016

March 2016. IEEE has released the technology predictions from their experts for the year 2016. According to these experts, newer and more efficient ways to consume energy using renewables sources as well as energy efficiency will be one main focus for 2016. The principal element of this revolution is extensive use of smart-grids and technologies that improve resilience and reliability while assimilating clean energy resources. According to IEEE, 2016 will witness an increased share of technological innovation in the energy sector with a focus on ‘global clean energy.’

Find out more.

ENTSO-E Assembly decides to set up an independent Advisory Council

March 2016. ENTSO-Es Assembly has decided today to set up an independent Advisory Council. The European Network of Transmission System Operators is growing as the internal electricity market progresses. This comes with strict obligations in terms of openness and interaction with stakeholders.

The European Commission, the ITRE Committee of the European Parliament, trade federations like Eurelectric, IFIEC, EFET and associations like BEUC have been invited to appoint a representative. One member will represent the EU renewables’ associations and another the four European representations of distribution system operators. Finally, a seat will be taken by one non-governmental association.

“We are serious about transparency. With the Advisory Council our main partners have an additional channel to feedback on whether our plan and course of action do indeed support a European, system and customer view”, commented Bente Hagem, Chair of the Board. She also insists that the Council will give opinions on whether ENTSO-E’s annual work programme and key products actually contribute to the energy transition and the innovation push linked to it.

The Council shall meet twice a year. It will elect its own Chair. ENTSO-E’s President or Vice-President, the Chair of the Board and the Secretary-General will seat in the Council without any voting right. The Council will not have any binding powers but will advise the ENTSO-E Board and Assembly on the association’s work programme and achievements. Its findings and recommendations will be made public.

The first meeting of the Council is planned for September. The terms of references of the advisory council are available on ENTSO-E’s website.

Find out more.

EC Launches Consultation on the Energy Union

March 2016. The European Commission (DG R&I) has launched an open consultation on the development of a comprehensive, integrated Research, Innovation, and Competitiveness Strategy for the Energy Union. The objective is to facilitate the EU’s transition to a sustainable, competitive, energy-efficient and low-carbon economy.

This strategy is linked to the implementation of the Energy Union Communication, which called for more research and innovation to ensure that the energy transition happens via modern, user-friendly, safe, sustainable and secure solutions to the benefit of EU citizens and businesses. Commitments taken at the COP21 international climate conference in Paris reinforce the need to step up efforts for reaching agreed climate targets.

The deadline for contributing is 31 May 2016.

EC Consultation
Energy Union Factsheet

Read more.

Smart Grids Award Competition Open for Nominations

March 2016. The International Smart Grid Action Network (ISGAN) is sponsoring its third annual Award of Excellence competition, with a focus this year on excellence in smart grids for reliable electricity. Projects nominated for the ISGAN competition are also eligible to win the second annual Best Smartgrid Project Award, presented by ISGAN’s private sector partner, the Global Smart Grid Federation (GSGF). These prestigious international awards will showcase leadership and innovation in smart grid projects around the world.

We are very excited about this year’s Award of Excellence competition,” stated Michele de Nigris, Chair of ISGAN’s Executive Committee.“ History has shown that reliable, resilient electricity service plays a critical role for economic growth and prosperity. As a result, ISGAN is especially interested in projects that show a strong economic rationale, such as a compelling business model, reduction in economic losses from grid outages, or other significant benefit.”

Paddy Turnbull, Chair of the GSGF Board of Directors said, “We are happy to be partnering again with ISGAN to recognize global leaders in smart grids. For our Best Smartgrid Project Award, the GSGF plans to honor projects that improve electricity reliability through use of information and communications technologies, which are an essential component of smart grids.”

Entities engaged in grid modernization or smart grids are encouraged to submit their projects by 24 March 2016 (DEADLINE EXTENDED!) for consideration for both the ISGAN and GSGF awards. Official rules, nomination forms, and other information on the awards competition can be found on the ISGAN website. The winning projects will be selected by an international jury of smart grid experts and then recognized publicly in June 2016 during a ceremony at the seventh Clean Energy Ministerial  (CEM7) in San Francisco, California, USA. At CEM7, energy ministers from 23 of the world’s largest and most forward‐leaning countries and the European Commission, as well as representatives from leading private sector organizations, will gather to drive progress on innovative clean energy policy, programs, and technologies.

Read more.

Historical agreement on regional operational coordination

March 2016. ENTSO-E published an agreement it has signed with 36 interconnected TSOs to roll out regional security coordination service providers (RSCSPs): European transmission system operators have to step up regional coordination to deliver to the internal energy market and accommodate increasing shares of renewables.

​This is part of a well-defined ongoing project, started in November 2014, for more regional operational coordination. It is needed for the implementation of the already-in-force EU regulation on capacity calculation and congestion management (CACM) and the to-be-voted EU regulation on system operation. RSCSPs already exist in Europe: Coreso in Brussels and TSC in Munich since 2008 and SCC in Belgrade since 2015. RSCSPs are companies owned by their clients, the TSOs. Their offices look like control rooms where engineers visualise real-time power flows between countries and other information, such as the amount of wind or solar power produced in a region.

RSCSPs’ common grid model, security analysis, outage coordination, and short-term adequacy services help TSOs in their operational security decisions. Their cross-border capacity calculation service is the basis for market coupling and capacity allocation. RSCSPs’ neutrality is guaranteed through the 100% control by unbundled and regulated TSOs complemented by EU monitoring and reporting obligations, as outlined in the EU regulation on system operation now under discussion.

The multilateral agreement signed in December 2015 specifies the five services that all RSCSPs will offer and how they will extend across Europe in the next two years. Three RSCSPs are being created for the Nordics, the Baltics, and Southeast Europe. ENTSO-E ensures interoperability.

Even with RSCSPs, TSOs remain in charge security of supply, and the final operational decision-making therefore rests with them. For security reasons, the line of responsibility in system operation cannot be watered down. “Too many heads and arms operating the grids as implied by the Commission study on Regional Operation Centres – ROCs – would be a risk to security”, stated Peder Andreasen, ENTSO-E’s president.

“Electricity regions are in motion. Rather than embarking on a highly risky and very costly ROC building process, ENTSO-E calls upon policy-makers to support the RSCSP roll-out already under way as a major step towards the internal energy market”, added Konstantin Staschus, ENTSO-E Secretary-General. The ENTSO-E’s response to the ROC study has been sent to the European Commission today. It shows that RSCSPs achieve the same objectives as the ROCs but without the risks and with lower costs.

Read more.

How to achieve interoperability for demand side flexibility - ESMIG Position Paper

March 2016. ESMIG published on 29 of February its last position paper: "how to achieve interoperability for demand side flexibility".

Interoperability is key in achieving a successful transition to a new, flexible European energy system. For implementing demand side flexibility, we need an integrated approach of selecting standards and defining functionalities for the data exchanges.

All the steps for designing and implementing the data communication interfaces in the demand side flexibility architecture are described in this paper and should be strictly followed   in order to create an open market for consumer focused energy services and products.

Read more

Call for submissions for the Renewable Grid Initiative "Good Practice of the Year" award

February 2016. Submit your outstanding practice in grid development and receive an award at the European Commission's 2nd annual Energy Infrastructure Forum in Copenhagen in November.

Transmission grid operators, , project promoters, NGOs and public authorities engaged in grid projects are invited to send to RGItheir most exciting and innovative good practice by 15 April. The winners will receive their award during the 2d Energy Infrastructure Forum organised by the European Commission in Copenhagen this year.

The “Good Practice of the Year” honours outstanding practices in nature and biodiversity protection, innovative technology & design and also dedicated engagement with stakeholders and the broader public.

Practices in the following categories will be rewarded:

  • Communication & Participation
  • Technology & Design
  • Environmental Protection

Read more

Towards Energy Union: The Commission presents sustainable energy security package

February 2016. The Commission today presented its energy security package with necessary proposals to equip the EU for global energy transition as well as to be prepared for possible energy supply interruptions. Energy security dimension is one of the cornerstones of the Energy Union strategy, a key political priority of the Juncker Commission. Implementing Energy Union: The Commission presents energy security package.

The Commission unveiled a package of energy security measures to equip the EU for global energy transition to address possible energy supply interruptions. Energy security dimension is one of the cornerstones of the Energy Union strategy, a key political priority of the Juncker Commission.

The package sets out a wide range of measures to strengthen the EU's resilience to gas supply disruptions. These measures include moderating energy demand, increasing energy production in Europe (including from renewables), further developing a well-functioning and fully integrated internal energy market, as well as diversification of energy sources, suppliers and routes. Further, the proposals bring more transparency to the European energy market and create more solidarity between the Member States.

Read more.

CEER Key support elements of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in Europe: moving towards market integration

January 2016. This document presents a detailed analysis of the key aspects of operational support schemes for renewable energy sources across the European Union and explains the developments expected in the years to come. It explores the different procedures for determining levels of RES support, both administrative and competitive, and sets out alternative mechanisms to enhance the market integration of RES.

The brief summary conclusions are:

  • Major adjustments to national support schemes are still pending.
  • Competitive procedures for setting levels of RES support are to be preferred in principle
  • Quota systems or certificate schemes introduce a market mechanism for setting the value of RES support
  • The importance of Feed-in Tariff (FIT) is fading in favour of more market oriented Feed-in Premium (FIP) schemes
  • Making RES fit for the market is at least a mid-term endeavour for which NRAs can actively contribute

Read the full document

Vision for a ‘Digital DSO’

January 2016. The European Distribution System Operators for Smart Grids (EDSO) has issued a position paper which posits a vision for a ‘Digital DSO,’ capturing the key messages of its recent responses to the European Commission consultations on:

  • the evaluation and the review of the regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services;
  • the regulatory environment for platforms, online intermediaries, data and cloud computing and the collaborative economy;
  • standards in the Digital Single Market.

Read more or download the full paper.

6th General Assembly of the ETP SmartGrids – 19 May 2016, Brussels – SAVE THE DATE!

The ETP SMARTGRIDS will organise its next General Assembly jointly with the Photovoltaic Platform on 18 and 19 May 2016 in Brussels. Over 200 experts from the Smartgrids and Photovoltaic community are expected together in Brussels!

The ETP Smartgrids General Assembly will take place on 19 May, while the Photovoltaic Platform will hold its annual conference on the previous day.

The General Assembly will be the occasion to review ten years of activities and Europe’s success stories and to look at the future challenges ahead for the European Smartgrids and storage community in the context of the new Integrated SET Plan.

Save the date for this key event of the sector!  Personal invitations will follow.

For more information on this event please contact our secretariat:

World Energy Resources Report 2016, E-storage: Shifting from cost to value 2016 – wind and solar applications

January 2016. Energy storage costs could decrease up to 70% in the next 15 years, according to a report called E-Storage: Shifting from Cost to Value, by Paul Gardner from DNV GL and other authors. This report was published by the World Energy Council.

Storage has often been described as the Holy Grail of the transition to a low-carbon energy system. Affordable, efficient storage would enable volatile renewable energies to be better integrated into electricity systems, it would greatly improve the economics of home solar systems, even allowing people to go off-grid, and it could help catalyse a revolution in electric cars as well as helping to solve the problems of the grid going down or grid overload. The problem is that this Holy Grail is still eluding us. Storage is often perceived as too expensive because of the way the calculations are done which do not fully take into account the value it brings to certain situations.

World Energy Resources Report 2016, E-storage: Shifting from cost to value 2016 – wind and solar applications

This report seeks to interrogate what the cost base of an array of storage technologies really means. The key conclusion is that a narrow focus on levelised cost alone can be misleading. Throughout the cost modelling process, the same issues repeatedly emerged, namely the importance of defining the business model under consideration and how the storage plant was being operated. The report also estimates that with the many new technologies in the pipeline, storage costs of energy will fall by as much as 70% over the next 15 years. Solar storage will become more competitive as new battery technology drives prices down, and wind storage more attractive as technical advances in areas such as composite materials enables the power generated by wind turbines to increase.

Read more.

Energy: EU invests €217 million in energy infrastructure

January 2016. On the 19th of January, Member States agreed on a Commission proposal to invest €217 million in key trans-European energy infrastructure projects, mainly in Central and South Eastern Europe. In total, 15 projects were selected following a call for proposals under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), an EU funding programme for infrastructure. The selected projects will increase energy security and help end the isolation of Member States from EU-wide energy networks. They will also contribute to the completion of a European energy market and the integration of renewables into the electricity grid.

The European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: "Today, we are targeting those regions in Europe which need it the most. With this funding we will help secure supplies and fully integrate Europe's energy market by connecting networks across Europe. We must press ahead with the modernisation of our energy networks to bring any country still isolated into the European energy market. Modern energy networks are also crucial to ensuring efficient use of our energy resources and therefore key to reaching our climate goals."

In the gas sector, the allocated grants will cover, among others, studies for modernising the Bulgarian gas transmission network which will improve the possibilities for the transport of gas in the region, notably for the benefit of Greece, Romania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey. Funding will also be allocated to studies on the Midcat project which will help eliminate infrastructure bottlenecks between the Iberian Peninsula and France, and connect gas supplies from Algeria and Spanish LNG terminals with the rest of Europe. The interconnector linking gas networks in Romania, Bulgaria, Austria and Hungary will also get EU funding. This is an important development for the EU gas market as this will allow gas from the Caspian region and other potential sources, including LNG, to reach Central Europe.

The development of electricity infrastructure will also benefit from CEF financial assistance. This includes environmental and engineering design studies for the Germany-Denmark interconnection which will help supply Nordic electricity to Central Europe.

Of the 15 proposals selected for funding:

  • 9 are in the gas sector (financial aid worth €207 million) and six in electricity sector (€10 million);
  • 13 relate to studies, such as environmental impact assessments (€29 million), and two to construction works (€188 million).

The European Commission proposal to select these projects was supported by the CEF Coordination Committee, which consists of representatives from all Member States. Later this month the Commission will formally adopt the list of proposals which will receive financial assistance under CEF-Energy

Read more.

A New Deal for energy consumers, EP Think Tank Briefing

January 2016. The European Parliament Think Tank published a Briefing about the New Deal for energy consumers. Past 15th of July 2015, the European Commission adopted a Communication on Delivering a New Deal for energy consumers ('New Deal'), as part of the Summer Energy Package. The New Deal is one of several consumer-related actions envisaged in the Energy Union strategy, and is designed to inform future actions in this field, including proposed legislation.

The New Deal highlights the need for greater transparency around energy prices: wholesale and retail prices are diverging as taxes account for a growing share of energy bills, placing a disproportionate burden on household consumers. It emphasises the importance of easy switching between energy suppliers and calls for the phasing out of regulated retail prices, which discourage market competition and investment in infrastructure. The New Deal argues that greater energy efficiency is necessary, demand response among consumers should be facilitated, and community production initiatives encouraged. The Commission considers that rolling out smart meters across the EU is necessary to encourage greater demand response. Yet the precise cost savings for consumers from smart metering (and demand response in general) remain rather unclear, while smart metering has more positive effects when accompanied by incentives to change patterns of energy use (e.g. dynamic pricing). The New Deal calls for new measures to address vulnerable consumers and energy poverty in the EU, with reports by the Commission and European Parliament shedding light on these issues. The New Deal seeks to encourage the development of smart homes and networks, which will require a range of new energy technologies. The growing use of ICT in smart grids has raised concerns about data protection and the risk of cyber hacking in smart grids. In past resolutions, the European Parliament expressed strong support for key ideas outlined in the New Deal, and has called for consumers to play a more active role in the energy transition.

Read the entire briefing.

IFAC Workshop on Control of Transmission and Distribution Smart Grids calls for papers

January 2016. Recent increases in renewable energy sources, production costs, and environmental concerns have triggered the efforts to develop Smart Grids for power systems. In this connection, the IFAC TC 6.3 is interested in organizing a number of Invited Sessions on Control of Transmission and Distribution Smart Grids, which are centered on all control aspects that are relevant to the Transmission and Distribution Smart Grid and aim at bringing together researchers from Academia, Industry, and National Labs to exchange novel ideas, explore enabling technologies, discuss innovative designs, and share field trial experiences and lessons learnt.

If you are interested in participating (presenting a paper or organizing an invited session) in the Invited Sessions within the IFAC Workshop CTDSG 2016 in Prague, a Invited Session proposals' deadline is the forthcoming 31st of January. The deadline for the submission of the draft papers is the 15 of February. The workshop will take place on the 11-13 of October in Prague, Czech Republic.

Prospective authors are invited to submit original contributions (standard two-column IFAC format and up to 6 pages) on all aspects of Transmission and Distribution Smart Grids Control, including but not limited to:

 1. Power Systems (Transmission & Distribution Systems Planning, Operation and Control)

 2. Smart Grids (Smart Cities, Smart Buildings, Smart Home, Smart Thermal Grids)

 3. Power Electronics (Inverters, FACTS, UPFC, DPFC, HVDC, Phase Shift Transformers – PST)

 4. Energy Market and Trading (Regulators and Contracted Ancillary Services, Demand Response)

 5. Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control (WAMPaC, Phasor Measurement Units– PMU)

 6. Simulators (Dispatch Training – DTS, Real Time Digital – RTDS, Engineering, Market and Trading)

Read more about this event and the Invited Session Call.

CEER publishes its 2016 Work Programme

January 2016. The Council of the European Energy Regulators (CEER) published its 2016 Work Programme. In 2016, CEER will continue to support National Regulatory Authorities in their important work by developing good practices in energy regulation and facilitating the sharing of experience. Regulators, working through CEER, focus on a number of key areas which are important to the effective development of energy markets to the benefit of consumers. The Work Programme includes 16 deliverables on a range of policy areas. This year, CEER will prioritise work on four main areas:
   • Consumers and retail markets;
   • New legislative/policy developments;
   • The changing role and regulation of distribution networks; and
   • International work beyond the borders of the EU.

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